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SAT阅读【推理题】怎么做?做题有什么策略?

文字:[大][中][小] 2018-11-30    浏览次数:23    

今天小编给大家带了一篇重点干货:SAT阅读【推理题】怎么做?做题有什么策略?


Inference questions(推理题)是SAT阅读的重点体现。有些同学觉得推理太难了,自己完全把握不了这种类型题。今天东西君就为大家介绍下SAT阅读推理题的考察类型,希望看过这篇文章的各位同学们,可以熟练掌握这种题型,洞察一切,世界上再多几位福尔摩斯!


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什么是Inference questions(推理题)


推理题主要考察的是某一句话、某一段落甚至是整个文章的含义。作者的想法并没有在文章中直接说明,需要我们进一步的推断,所以推理问题中经常有” could be interpreted to mean”或” suggests that”这种表达方式。


主要有三种考察形式:deduction, speculation, examination。


第一种:deduction(推论)


这类推理问题主要要求我们推论出缺失的信息。大多数问题的要点是:“If something is said in the passage, what is the logical extension?”这类问题与细节题相似,需要我们依赖文章的信息进行合理的推论。


例:


According to the passage, Woolf chooses the setting of the bridge because it

A) is conducive to a mood of fanciful reflection.

B) provides a good view of the procession of the sonsof educated men.

C) is within sight of historic episodes to which shealludes.

D) is symbolic of the legacy of past and present sonsof educated men.


与此题相关的原文信息是:


Close at hand is a bridge over the River Thames, anadmirable vantage ground for us to make a survey. The river flows beneath;barges pass, laden with timber, bursting with corn; there on one side are thedomes and spires of the city; on the other, Westminster and the Houses ofParliament. It is a place to stand on by the hour, dreaming. But not now. Nowwe are pressed for time. Now we are here to consider facts; now we must fix oureyes upon the procession — the procession of the sons of educated men.


解析:答案为B。由文章中,我们可以推断,通常情况下,我们会在桥梁上进行梦想的反思,但是现在我们需要考虑一些其他的事情。把精力放在受教育的儿子身上。


提问方式有:


Based on the passage, the authors’ statement “If apair consisted of two piccolos, for example, there would not be room for it”(lines 29-30) implies that a pair


The narrator implies that Ms. Boulanger favors a formof education that emphasizes


In Passage 1, Bach contends that breaking the laws ofcounterpoint has which consequence?


第二种:Speculation(推测)


这类考察形式主要是推测所陈述事实的含义、描述文章的含义。与功能题有一定的相似之处。


提问方式有:


It can reasonably be inferred that “the strong-minded” (line 32) was a termgenerally intended to


In line 42, the authors state that a certainhypothesis “can best be tested by a trial.” Based on the passage, which of thefollowing is a hypothesis the authors suggest be tested in a trial?


The phrase “liquid gold” (line 71) most directlysuggests that

What does the author suggest about the transgenicstudies done in the1980s and 1990s?


第三种:Examination(询问)


这类题型经常会问到关于作者或者文中提到的某人的思想、感受和动机。问题类型大致可总结为:“What would [this person] think about [that thing]?”这类问题通常要求我们从作者/叙述者/文中其他人物的角度思考。

提问方式有:


The “social psychologists” mentioned in paragraph 2(lines 17-34) would likely describe the “deadweight loss” phenomenon as


The passage indicates that when the narrator began workingfor Edward Crimsworth, he viewed Crimsworth as a


It can be inferred that the authors of Passage 1believe that running a household and raising children


It can most reasonably be inferred from Passage 2 that Paine views historical precedents as


Beecher would most likely have reacted to lines 65-68(“Now . . . woman”) of Passage 2 with


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SAT阅读推理题做题策略


1、了解问题真正考察的是什么


对于一些推理题可能问的会比较复杂,特别是考察多个段落的。例如:The author of Passage 2 would most likely respond to the discussion of the future of spacemining in lines 18-28, Passage 1, by claiming that such a future。


这个问题要求你在Passage 1中找到有关太空未来采矿的信息,然后在根据第二段,找出作者对这一话题的看法。对于这种问题,我们需要一步步地进行分解,首先在第一段中弄清楚有关的信息,然后在定位到第二段。


2、依据上下文做题


问题中,问从65-68行我们能推断出什么,你就完全看着这一句话思考,完全是不切实际的,我们需要根据上下文来推断。最好将问题的前、后句或是整个段落都看一下,在阅读的过程中标记重点。


3、试着用自己的语言回答问题


这种方法对任何一种SAT阅读题都适用。在看答案选项之前,先用自己的语言给出答案。然后把自己所理解的与答案匹配,如果有与自己答案无关信息的选项可直接排除。


4、推理题放在最后做


无论你习惯先阅读在做题,还是先看问题再读文章,考试君都建议大家将推理题放在最后。先做词汇题、细节题或功能题也许可以给我们提供一定的信息,帮助我们做推理题。


5、排除法也可以考虑一下


对于推理题,排除法可能并不是很好用。但是我们可以仔细地阅读文章,将特别奇怪的答案与文章内容比较,对于不匹配的,可以直接排除。


对于SAT阅读推理题,做题时最重要的还是根据上下文推断,单凭原文中的某一句话是难以直接得出答案的,需要将其中一句或几句进行合成推理。除此,我们一定注意要在原文的基础上进行合理的推论。不要多想,在范围上不要随意扩大或缩小,在内容上不要随意增加或减少。

以上就是今天小编给大家推荐的SAT阅读【推理题】怎么做?做题有什么策略?相关学习技巧,如有更多疑问欢迎大家咨询我们哦。

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